Ebola virus disease is a rare and severe viral disease. The virus can infect both humans and
non-human primates (monkeys, gorillas, etc.) When infected, people can get very sick, with fever, intense weakness,
headache, sore throat and pains, and may bleed form different parts of the body
The risk of travelers becoming infected after a stay in Ebola
outbreak areas is extremely low, even if they visit affected districts, because
transmission can only occur in the context of direct contact with blood,
secretions, organs or other body fluids of dead or living infected persons or
animals. The risk may increase, however,
for staff or personnel who in the course of their duties or personal dealings
have direct contact with the bodily fluids of infected patients, infected
animals, or bodies of persons or animals who died from Ebola virus disease.
The UN Medical Services Division therefore recommends all UN
staff and personnel travelling to an Ebola outbreak area to avoid all direct
contact with a person or corpse infected with the Ebola virus. Staff should also avoid all physical contact
with any person or animal suspected of having Ebola virus disease, and avoid
all contact with body fluids from persons or animals suspected of having Ebola
virus disease. Travelers should be
reminded of the need to immediately seek medical attention at the first
sign of illness. Please feel free to contact firstname.lastname@example.org if you have
any questions related to this advisory.
Based on the current information available for this event, the
WHO does not recommend that any travel or trade restrictions be applied to
Ebola outbreak areas in West Africa1. However, the UN Medical Services Division will
be exercising additional caution to minimize the risk of UN personnel and
troops contracting and carrying this virus.
all UN staff and personnel
For all travel, staff should consult a health care provider
or visit a travel health clinic before travel, preferably at least six weeks
before intended date of departure. If
you are planning to visit a locality affected by or adjacent to the current
Ebola outbreak, you should also have a discussion with your healthcare provider
the week before departure, to obtain the most up-to-date information about
risks of your intended destination.
Avoid direct contact with blood and
other bodily fluids of people with Ebola virus disease or unknown
· Avoid direct contact with bodies of people who
died of Ebola virus disease or unknown illnesses.
· Avoid unprotected sexual intercourse with an
infected person or a person recovering from Ebola virus disease.
· Avoid contact with any objects, such as needles,
that have been contaminated with blood or bodily fluids.
· Health care workers should practice strict
infection control measures including the use of personal protective equipment (PPE) (i.e. gowns, surgical/medical masks, goggles and
· Regular hand washing (or the use of alcohol
hand-rub) is required after visiting any patients in hospital, as well as after
coming in contact with any sick individual, even if they do not have Ebola
- Avoid close contact with or handling
of wild animals.
following animals may be carriers: chimpanzees, gorillas, monkeys, forest
antelope, pigs, porcupines, duikers, and fruit bats.
both live and dead animals can spread the virus.
handling and eating wild meat.
Know the symptoms of Ebola virus
disease and see a health care provider immediately if symptoms of the
- The symptoms of Ebola virus disease include: Sudden
onset of fever, intense weakness, muscle pain, headache and sore throat.
- This is followed by vomiting, diarrhea, rash,
impaired kidney and liver function, and in some cases, both internal and
medical attention immediately if a fever and any of the above other
symptoms arise during or after travel.
sure to tell your health care provider that you travelled to a region
where Ebola virus disease was present.
Wherever possible, avoid receiving
treatment in hospitals that are treating Ebola patients, unless you are
referred to such a facility for isolation or treatment relating to Ebola
- Infected healthcare workers can
transmit Ebola virus disease from one patient to another.
- Seek medical advice from your local UN
clinic about where you can receive treatment for non-Ebola related
illnesses or injuries.